How many ethnic groups are in Syria?

What ethnicities live in Syria?

Ethnoreligious groups

  • Kurds (most Syrian Kurds are Sunni)
  • Arabic-speaking or Turkmen Alawis.
  • Arabic-speaking Ismailis.
  • Arabic-speaking (Syrian, Lebanese, Iraqi) and Iranian Twelver Shias.
  • Sunni Muslim (and also Christian) Palestinians.
  • Sunni and Alevi Turkmens.
  • Sunni Circassians.
  • Sunni Muslim Greeks.

What is the largest ethnic group in Syria?

KURDS. Kurds make up the largest ethnic minority in Syria, constituting somewhere between 10% and 15% of the population, or about 2 million out of a population of around 22 million.

Is Sunni an ethnic group?

Sunnis, who comprise around 20 percent of Iraq’s population, are far from a monolithic group. The majority of them are ethnic Arabs, but there are also Sunni Turkmen, Kurds, and other minorities thrown into the mix.

What ethnicity are Syrian refugees?

The Syrian refugees are 87 percent Arab and 10 percent Kurdish, with small representations from other ethnic groups. Since 43 percent of the Syrian refugees are under the age of 14, and 56 percent are under 20, Syrian refugees tend to be less educated.

Is Syria ethnically diverse?

A Diverse Country

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With a population of around 22 million before the current civil war, Syria is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the entire Middle East. While a sizable chunk of the population is Arab, there are smaller minorities that are scattered throughout the country.

What percentage of Syria is Arab?

Syrian Demographics

Syria’s current President, Bashar al-Assad, is an Alawi Shia. The largest ethnic group (approximately 90%) in Syria is Arab, mostly classified as Levantine. Other major groups in Syria are Kurds (2 million), Syrian Turkmen (0.75-1.5 million) and Assyrians (0.9 to 1.2 million).

Are Druze Shia?

The Druze are a derivative of the Ismaili Shia branch of Islam, but they do not claim to be Muslim, but rather they practice what is a mix of Shia, ancient Greek philosophies, and Hinduism.

When did Syria become Arab?

The years immediately following Syria’s declared independence were marked by instability and repeated government coups. Syria joined with Egypt and became the United Arab Republic in 1958, but the union split a few short years later in 1961. The 1960s brought more military coups, revolts and riots.

Does anyone live in Syria?

Inside Syria, there are 13.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance (of a total population of 17.5 million). By many accounts from Syrians still living in the country, the violence of conflict is not confined to bombing, missile attacks, and the destruction of cities like Idlib, Aleppo, and Raqqa.

Are Syrians Arabs?

Most modern-day Syrians are described as Arabs by virtue of their modern-day language and bonds to Arab culture and history. Genetically, Syrian Arabs are a variety of diverse Semitic-speaking groups indigenous to the region.

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Is Syria in North Africa?

The Arab World consists of 22 countries in the Middle East and North Africa: Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

What religion was Saddam?

Under Saddam Hussein, Iraq was ruled by the Baath party, a secular government. Hussein himself was a Sunni Muslim; Sunni Muslims comprise about 35 percent of Iraqis.

What color eyes do Syrians have?

Syrians generally have olive skin, dark brown eyes, and black hair, but a wide variety of other physical characteristics exists as well: blond hair and pale skin; black hair and dark brown skin; blue eyes and brown hair; and even red hair and freckled, pinkish skin. The total population of Syria is nearly 19 million.

What language do they speak in Syria?

Arabic is the official language, but Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, English and French are also spoken. In the wake of World War I and the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, the region that became modern-day Syria was administered by the French.

How many Syrians are in Germany?

The number of Syrians in Germany is estimated at around 800,000 people in March 2021, making it the third largest community of foreign nationals (after Turks and Poles). The population consists mainly of refugees of the Syrian Civil War, which began in the 2010s.