Etymology. The country’s name Sudan is a name given to a geographical region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western Africa to eastern Central Africa. The name derives from the Arabic bilād as-sūdān (بلاد السودان), or “The Land of the Blacks”.
What is the meaning of word Sudan?
Definition of Sudan
1 region of northern Africa between the Atlantic and the upper Nile River south of the Sahara Desert including the basins of Lake Chad and the Niger River and the upper Nile. 2 former country in northeastern Africa.
How did Sudan get its name?
Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bilād al-sūdān (“land of the blacks”), by which medieval Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara.
What is Sudan known for?
1: While Egypt gets noticed for its pyramids, Sudan is known as the place with the world’s largest collection of pyramids. There are over 200 recorded pyramids in the country. 2: Over 97% of Sudan’s population is Muslim. They practice in the Sunni tradition.
What was the original name of Sudan?
Nubia: from 3000 BC
The region known in modern times as the Sudan (short for the Arabic bilad as-sudan, ‘land of the blacks’) has for much of its history been linked with or influenced by Egypt, its immediate neighbour to the north.
What is Sudan spelling?
[ soo-dan ] SHOW IPA. / suˈdæn / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a region in North Africa, south of the Sahara and Libyan deserts, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea.
What language do they speak in Sudan?
Arabic is the official language (Ibid.). According to a 1955-56 census, Arabic and its dialects (spoken by 51 per cent of Sudanese) and Dinka and its dialects (spoken by 11 per cent of Sudanese) are the two dominant languages. Fourteen other languages are spoken by about five per cent of Sudanese (Nelson 1982, 84).
Is Sudan part of Egypt?
History. The triangular relationship among the United Kingdom, Egypt, and Sudan evolved during the period of Britain’s rule in the Nile valley between 1882 and 1955 (see Sultanate of Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan), until Sudan was officially split from Egypt in 1956.
Was Sudan ever part of Egypt?
Sudan become an independent sovereign state, the Republic of the Sudan, 1 January 1956, bringing to an end its nearly 136-year union with Egypt and its 56-year occupation by the British.
Is Sudan Arab or African?
Sudan is part of the contemporary Arab world—encompassing North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Levant—with deep cultural and historical ties to the Arabian Peninsula that trace back to ancient times.
How old is Sudan?
|Republic of the Sudan جمهورية السودان (Arabic) Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān|
|• Kingdom of Kush||1070 BC|
|• Mahdist Sudan||1885|
|• Anglo-Egyptian Condominium||1899|
|• Independence and end of the Anglo-Egyptian rule||1 January 1956|
What kind of country is Sudan?
Sudan is a country located in Northern Africa bordering the Red Sea. Neighboring countries include Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan. The geography of Sudan is generally flat with mountains in the east and west and annual flooding in the south due to the Nile River system.
What are 2 history facts about Sudan?
Sudan was the largest country in Africa prior to the secession of South Sudan in 2011. It is now the third largest, after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sudan lost most of its oil reserves, estimated to be between five and seven billion barrels, when South Sudan seceded.
What is Sudan’s religion?
The Pew Research Center estimates that 91 percent of the population is Muslim, 5.4 percent is Christian, 2.8 percent follow folk religions, and the remainder follow other religions or are unaffiliated.
Who Discovered Sudan?
>the Sudan (1881–98), established by Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Mahdī with the aim to reform Islam.
Why did Egypt colonize Sudan?
Egyptian Motives for Conquest
The main goal for the national Egyptian powers was to maintain the stability of their economic trading systems in which gaining control over the Sudan allowed for their continual accessibility to trade markets, resources, and trade routes along the White and Blue Nile.