Three main types of forest can be broadly identified in Iraq: extensive oak forests; and the riverain forests. var. kurdica, Rhus coriaria , and Juniperus oxycedrus.
Are there forest in Iraq?
THE natural forests of Iraq are confined almost entirely to the northeast region of the country, in mountains occupied by Kurdish tribes. … Outside the mountain areas, forests exist only as small patches of river-bank scrub (akhrash) along the Euphrates and Tigris and their main tributaries.
What kind of trees grow in Iraq?
Willows, tamarisks, poplars, licorice plants, and bulrushes grow along the banks of the lower Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The juice of the licorice plant is extracted for commercial purposes. Dozens of varieties of date palm flourish throughout southern Iraq, where the date palm dominates the landscape.
How much of Iraq is forest?
According to the U.N. FAO, 1.9% or about 825,000 ha of Iraq is forested, according to FAO. Iraq had 15,000 ha of planted forest.
Why is Iraq so dry?
The combination of rain shortage and extreme heat makes much of Iraq a desert. Because of very high rates of evaporation, soil and plants rapidly lose the little moisture obtained from the rain, and vegetation could not survive without extensive irrigation.
Is there deforestation in Iraq?
Iraq Deforestation Rates & Statistics | GFW. In 2010, Iraq had 27.4kha of tree cover, extending over 0.062% of its land area. In 2019, it lost 62.1mha of tree cover. … From 2001 to 2020, Iraq lost 137ha of tree cover, equivalent to a 0.78% decrease in tree cover since 2000.
Is Iraq all desert?
Western and southern Iraq is a vast desert region covering some 64,900 square miles (168,000 square km), almost two-fifths of the country. The western desert, an extension of the Syrian Desert, rises to elevations above 1,600 feet (490 metres).
How do you say hello in Iraq?
The common verbal greeting is “Peace be with you” in Arabic (“Asalaamu alaikum”). The appropriate response returns the well-wishing: “Wa alaikum salaam” meaning “and peace be unto you”.
Is Iraq cold or hot?
Iraq has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. The climate is influenced by Iraq’s location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the Persian Gulf.
What is Iraq religion?
The constitution establishes Islam as the official religion and states no law may be enacted contradicting the “established provisions of Islam.” It provides for freedom of religious belief and practice for all individuals, including Muslims, Christians, Yezidis, and Sabean-Mandeans, but does not explicitly mention …
Is Iraq Safe?
Do not travel to Iraq, including the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, due to the volatile security situation and very high risk of violence, armed conflict, kidnapping and terrorist attack. See Safety.
What is Iraq famous for?
Iraq is home diverse ethnic groups and has a very long and rich heritage. The country is known for its poets، architects، painters and sculptors who are among the best in the region, some of them being world-class. Iraq is known for producing fine handicrafts, including rugs and carpets among many other things.
What language do Iraq speak?
While Arabic is the official language, there are some minority groups including a large Kurdish- speaking population in the North. The official state religion of Iraq is Islam. 97% of the population is Muslim.
What percent of Iraq is desert?
Many parts of Iraq are harsh places to live. Rocky deserts cover about 40 percent of the land. Another 30 percent is mountainous with bitterly cold winters. Much of the south is marshy and damp.
Which currency is used in Iraq?
The Iraqi dinar is divided into 20 dirhams and is the equivalent of 1,000 fils. The Central Bank of Iraq has the sole authority to issue banknotes and coins in Iraq. Banknotes are issued in denominations ranging from 250 to 50,000 dinars.
What is the landscape like in Iraq?
The country’s main topographical features are the two rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris, which flow from the Turkish and Syrian Arab Republic borders in the north to the Gulf in the south. The northeast is mountainous, while the country in the west is arid desert.