Lebanon is rich in flora, with over 3,000 species. Olive and fig trees and grapevines are abundant on lower ground, while cedar, maple, juniper, fir, cypress, valonia oak, and Aleppo pine trees occupy higher altitudes. Vegetation types range from subtropical and desert to alpine.
What kind of trees grow in Lebanon?
Nevertheless, Lebanon is more heavily wooded than most other countries in the region and pine, oak, fir, beech, cypress and juniper are to be found in the mountain areas although the Beqaa valley has little tree cover.
What is the most common tree in Lebanon?
Cedrus libani, the cedar of Lebanon or Lebanese cedar (Arabic: أرز لبناني, romanized: ʾarz Lubnāniyy), is a species of tree in the pine family, native to the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean basin.
What is the national plant for Lebanon?
The Dianthus libanotis is one of the species Houri proposes as the national flower of Lebanon.
How many trees are in Lebanon?
Forests cover 13.6% of Lebanon, and other wooded lands represents 11%. Since 2011, more than 600,000 trees, including cedars and other native species, have been planted throughout Lebanon as part of the Lebanon Reforestation Initiative (LRI).
What is the oldest tree in Lebanon?
“Sisters” or the Olive trees of Noah, are among the oldest olive trees in the world found in the community of Bechealeh, Lebanon. Some 6,000 years old, historians say these have Biblical origins.
What tree is Lebanon flag?
horizontally striped red-white-red national flag with a central green cedar tree. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 2 to 3.
What kind of forests are in Lebanon?
The results show that the forest area in Lebanon is dominated by broadleaved forests representing 56.6% of the total forest area (78,887 hectares). Coniferous forests are the second largest class accounting for 32.2 % of the forest area (44,879 hectares).
Do Cedars of Lebanon still exist?
Many thousands of square kilometers of forest once spread across most of Lebanon’s highlands. Only 17 square kilometers of cedars remain, in scattered groves. The country’s most famous cedar patch, sometimes called the Cedars of God, has been fenced off for preservation since 1876.
How much of Lebanon is forest?
According to the U.N. FAO, 13.4% or about 137,000 ha of Lebanon is forested, according to FAO. Lebanon had 11,000 ha of planted forest.
Is Lebanon known for cedar trees?
The cedar tree is a source of national pride in Lebanon. Its distinctive silhouette of splayed branches graces the national flag. The forests here have furthered empires, providing Phoenicians with timber for their merchant ships, and early Egyptians with wood for elaborately carved sarcophagi.
Do roses grow in Lebanon?
Some of the native flowers of Lebanon include, Eunomia oppositifolia, Origanum libanoticum and Hyacinth (lily). … Roses, Lilium, Hortansia, Sun Flowers, Red Bell, Gerbera, Arum, Red Eye and Gladioulus are some of the flowers liked by the Lebanese and they use them as greetings on different occasions.
What wild animals are in Lebanon?
Some of the larger mammals native to Lebanon include: wildcats, striped hyenas , jackals, Egyptian mongoose, Least weasel, Beech marten, European otter, Caucasian badger, Honey badger, gray wolf, Marbled polecat, jungle cat, Caracal, red foxes, porcupines and squirrels.
What’s the oldest tree in the world?
The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus Longaeva) has been deemed the oldest tree in existence, reaching an age of over 5,000 years old. The Bristlecone pines’ success in living a long life can be attributed to the harsh conditions it lives in.
How many Lebanese cedars are left?
They are also a symbol of strength and prosperity. There are a total of less than twenty Lebanon cedar forests remaining. They are the only old-growth forests in the Middle East, with some trees being more than two thousand years years old. Greenpeace is promoting a new film about the trees, the ‘Cedars of Lebanon’.