How long was Tunisia a French colony?

The history of Tunisia under French rule started in 1881 with the establishment of the French protectorate and ended in 1956 with Tunisian independence. The French presence in Tunisia came five decades after their occupation of neighboring Algeria.

How long did France colonize Tunisia?

French Tunisia (1881-1956) Crisis Phase (May 12, 1881-June 30, 1921): The French militarily occupied Tunisia after Muhammad III as-Sadiq, Bey of Tunis, was forced to sign the Treaty of Bardo on May 12, 1881.

Was Tunisia a French or Italian colony?

Hence Tunisia officially became a French protectorate on May 12, 1881, when the ruling Sadik Bey (1859–1882) signed the Treaty of Bardo (Al Qasr as Sa’id).

When did Tunisia gain independence from France?

On 20 March 1956, negotiations between France and Tunisia resulted in full independence for Tunisia.

Does Tunisia like France?

France and Tunisia have strong trade and financial relations. In 2018, France was Tunisia’s leading trading partner, as the destination for almost 30% of Tunisian exports and the source of more than 14% of its imports. France is also the country’s leading source of foreign direct investment.

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Who ruled Tunisia prior to the 18th century?

By 1574, Tunisia was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire, whose control of the region, always tenuous, had all but dissolved by the 19th century. Ribāṭ (fortified Muslim monastery) dating to the 9th century ce, Monastir, Tunisia. Tunisia is the smallest of the Maghrib states and consequently the most cohesive.

Who colonized Tunisia in ancient times?

Its coast was settled by Phoenicians starting as early as the 12th century BC (Bizerte, Utica). The city of Carthage was founded in the 9th century BC by Phoenicians.

Do Tunisians speak French?

The Berber language is still spoken today by some Tunisians, but they also speak Arabic as a second language.

Languages of Tunisia
Official Arabic
National Tunisian Arabic
Minority Berber languages
Foreign French

Was Egypt a French colony?

THE FRENCH OCCUPATION of Egypt between 1798-1801 was the first colonial conquest which endeavored to bring the Enlightenment to the Orient. … When the French occupiers set out to colonize Egypt, they considered themselves both liberators and saviors of the native Egyptians.

How many French live in Tunisia?


Country Total
France 1015000
Italy 300,000
Germany 94,536
Belgium and Luxembourg 28,809

Do they speak Italian in Tunisia?

French, English, and Italian are the main foreign languages spoken in Tunisia. The proximity of the country to Europe has popularized European languages in the country. A significant population in Tunisia also speaks Turkish.

Why did France give Tunisia independence?

In June 1954, new French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès France came to power and immediately instituted a withdrawal policy from Tunisia to lessen the violent backlashes occurring in the colonies. … March 20, 1956, Tunisia achieved independence from France proposed by Habib Bourguiba.

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How did Tunisia get its independence?

On 20 March 1956, Tunisia gained its independence from France after two years of negotiations between the French and the Neo-Destour (“New Constitution”) party, which was backed by the trade unions. … In 1957, Habib Bourguiba the country’s Prime Minister, abolished the monarchy and declared the Republic of Tunisia.

Was Morocco a French colony?

1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role.