Supported by Shia militias, Hezbollah and Russia, the Syrian government is involved in non-international armed conflicts against a wide array of rebel groups, namely the Syrian National Army (SNA) (former Free Syrian Army, FSA), Ahrar al-Sham, the Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (former al-Nusra front), the Islamic State group, …
Which groups are fighting in Syria?
Insurgent forces include the Southern Front, the Kurdish-dominant Syrian Democratic Forces, and a coalition of SAA defectors. These groups have been supported by Western powers such as the United States and Germany. Regional support comes from Turkey, Jordan, Israel, and Saudi Arabia.
How many groups are there in Syria?
These can be divided in four main groups. First, the Syrian Armed Forces and its allies. Second, the opposition composed from the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army, the Free Syrian Army and the jihadi Hayat Tahrir al-Sham. Third, the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces.
What is the main ethnic group in Syria?
Arabs represent the major ethnicity in Syria, in addition to the presence of several, much smaller ethnic groups.
What armies are in Syria?
They consist of the Syrian Arab Army, Syrian Arab Air Force, Syrian Arab Navy, Syrian Arab Air Defense Force, and paramilitary forces, such as the National Defence Force. According to the Syrian constitution, the President of Syria is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
Who supports who in Syria?
The Syrian Ba’athist government is politically and militarily supported by Iran and Russia, and actively supported by the Lebanese Hezbollah group, the Syrian-based Palestinian group PFLP-GC, and others.
Is Syria still in war?
A monitor group said 3,746 people were killed in the Syrian civil war in 2021, the 11th year of the conflict in the country. … President Bashar Assad has declared victory in the war and his regime controls most of the country, though large sections are still under rebel control.
Is Syria safe now?
The security situation in Syria is extremely dangerous due to military conflict, including air strikes, and very high levels of violence, terrorism and kidnapping. … While you’re there, seek professional security advice. Stay in a safe place and limit your movements.
What is Syria religion?
According to CIA World Factbook, 87% of Syrians are Muslim, the majority being Sunni Muslims (74%). Syria has a history of religious tolerance. … In cities, Jewish synagogues, numerous Christian churches, and some of the world’s oldest Muslim mosques exist as ancient reminders of this peaceful coexistence.
What is the largest minority group in Syria?
KURDS. Kurds make up the largest ethnic minority in Syria, constituting somewhere between 10% and 15% of the population, or about 2 million out of a population of around 22 million.
Are Druze Shia?
The Druze are a derivative of the Ismaili Shia branch of Islam, but they do not claim to be Muslim, but rather they practice what is a mix of Shia, ancient Greek philosophies, and Hinduism.
Does anyone live in Syria?
Inside Syria, there are 13.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance (of a total population of 17.5 million). By many accounts from Syrians still living in the country, the violence of conflict is not confined to bombing, missile attacks, and the destruction of cities like Idlib, Aleppo, and Raqqa.
What is happening in Syria right now 2021?
The year 2021 marked a decade since Syria’s uprisings erupted, and the country is still mired in poverty and violence. What started with a brutal crackdown on anti-government protests, later turned into a complex battlefield involving international armies, local militias, and foreign fighters.
Does Syria have nuclear weapons?
Syria joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as a non-nuclear weapon state in 1969, but pursued nuclear capabilities determined to be in noncompliance with its obligations under the Comprehensive Nuclear Safeguards Agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2011.
Where is US military base located in Syria?
Al-Tanf (Arabic: التَّنْف, romanized: al-Tanf), also known as the Al-Tanf garrison (ATG) is a United States military base within territory controlled by the Syrian opposition in Homs Governorate located 24 km west of the al-Tanf border crossing in the Syrian Desert.